- 2012elections - 9/11 Special Coverage - aca - africanamericanalzheimers - aids - Alabama News Network - american - Awards & Expo - bees - bilingual - border - californiaeducation - Caribbean - cir - citizenship - climatechange - collgeinmiami - community - democrats - ecotourism - Elders - Election 2012 - elections2012 - escuelas - Ethnic Media in the News - Ethnicities - Events - Eye on Egypt - Fellowships - food - Foreclosures - Growing Up Poor in the Bay Area - Health Care Reform - healthyhungerfreekids - howtodie - humiliating - immigrants - Inside the Shadow Economy - kimjongun - Latin America - Law & Justice - Living - Media - memphismediaroundtable - Multimedia - NAM en Espaol - Politics & Governance - Religion - Richmond Pulse - Science & Technology - Sports - The Movement to Expand Health Care Access - Video - Voter Suppression - War & Conflict - 攔截盤查政策 - Top Stories - Immigration - Health - Economy - Education - Environment - Ethnic Media Headlines - International Affairs - NAM en Español - Occupy Protests - Youth Culture - Collaborative Reporting

Young Filipino Americans Learn About The U.S. - Philippine War

War & Dissent Exhibit: The U.S. In The Philippines From 1898-1915

New America Media, Video, Producer: Odette Keeley // Video: Paul Billingsley & Victor Petersen Posted: Mar 16, 2009

Editor's Note: "War & Dissent", a mixed media exhibit recently housed at the Presidio of San Francisco, highlights a forgotten war between the United States and the Philippines from 1898-1915. It is in fact the first foreign war waged by the United States and was one of the longest in its history. Exhibit organizers hope the different voices during this conflict will be heard again by the new generation of Filipino Americans.

SAN FRANCISCO -- The Presidio of San Francisco's recent mounting of "War & Dissent" featured photographs, diaries, letters, maps, flags, recordings, political cartoons and other memorabilia of the Philippine-American War from 1898 to 1915. Presidio Trust historian and War & Dissent curator Dr. Randolph Delehanty explains the exhibit's two parts: "One is about how the war came about, that's a complicated story...There was an independence movement going on inside the Philippines, the U.S. in a way inherited the war against the independence movement being fought by Filipinos against the Spanish thats the war half. "The dissent half is about how Americans saw this war within the United States they thought that this was a betrayal of American principles because we were creating colonies, we were creating places where people would not be American citizens. This was a big change in American political history...and people like Mark Twain, Andrew Carnegie, Jane Addams, Susan B. Anthony, etc. were opposed to this change. So they created the Anti-Imperialist Leagueand they were the dissenters."

And Delehanty points out that for both Americans and Filipinos during the war, there were differing points of view. He says: There was no one American point of view...nor was there one Filipino point of view. Some continued to want independence for the Philippinesothers thought it was inevitable that the U.S. would win this battle and they should accommodate the U.S. occupation of the Philippinesand there were others who tried to be neutral.

Seventh grade students from Corpus Christi in San Francisco, a Catholic private elementary school with a predominantly Filipino and Latino population, recently visited the exhibit for their Social Studies class. Many had not heard about this war at all until they were asked by their teacher to do some research about it before the field trip. They learned the different aspects of this conflict, including the intimate connections between America and the Philippines and, particularly during this war, with San Francisco and the Presidio. Dr. Delehanty explains: "San Francisco in this period - 1900, was the principal American port on the Pacific. It was from San Francisco, specifically from the Presidio of San Francisco, that U.S. Army troops went into the Pacific as far as Manila."

The Presidio Trust hopes these students and other Filipino Americans belonging to this new generation will learn more about this part of their heritage, especially the Filipino voices during this period.

One of the most outspoken Filipino voices during the war was the Lopez family from Batangas province in the Philippines. Three of the brothers were jailed by the U.S. Army and they communicated with their sisters via letters from 1901-1902. According to Delehanty, the sisters made all efforts to get their brothers out of jail, including seeking help from the Anti-Imperialist League. One of them, Clemencia Lopez, even went to Washington, D.C., and was able to get a meeting with Pres. Theodore Roosevelt to plead for her brothers freedom. Dr. Delehanty decided that the book containing this series of letters would be good theatrical material, so he gave it to Bindlestiff Studio, a local Filipino-American theatre group. In this video feature, we see excerpts from the play they created: Shadows of War.

Dr. Delehanty and the Presidio Trust hope that these CCS students and all Americans who visited War & Dissent will take with them important lessons from this hidden war, which was a critical turning point of American foreign policy. Dr. Delehanty believes this conflict illustrates wars unintended consequences, a theme that resonates even today.

Odette Keeley hosts and produces video segments for New America Media including its TV program on COMCAST ON DEMAND,"New America Now." Paul Billingsley is a video producer for NAM. Victor Petersen is a videographer for NAM. Laurie Simmons is a production assistant for NAM and helped with this report.

The Presidio Trust was established by the U.S. Congress in 1996 to manage the Presidio of San Francisco, a former army base located at the base of the Golden Gate Bridge, and is now a national park, a National Historic Landmark District and one of the largest preservation projects in the country.

In 1997, Bindlestiff Studio was established as an S.F. Bay Area epicenter for creation of new works by emerging Filipino American artists, providing the underserved Filipino community access to diverse offerings in theatrical stage productions, music and film festivals, workshops in directing, production, acting, stand-up comedy, and writing, as well as a children and youth theater program.

Related Articles:

40 Years of Youth Liberation

Filipino Teen Activist Running for CA District Assembly

The Death of a Reluctant Ball Turret Gunner

Page 1 of 1




Just Posted

NAM Coverage

U.S. Politics