Why Little Saigon and Hanoi Found Common Ground in John McCain

New America Media, Commentary, Andrew Lam Posted: Oct 30, 2008

Editor's Note: As the U.S. Presidential Election draws near, both Hanoi and Little Saigon have suddenly found common ground and enthusiasm in one man: Sen. John McCain. Andrew Lam is an editor at New America Media. Lam is the author of Perfume Dreams: Reflections on the Vietnamese Diaspora.

SAN FRANCISCO - If Ho Chi Minh, the father of Vietnamese communism, is idolized in Hanoi and hated in Little Saigon, Orange County, it is to be expected. Hanoi, the stronghold of the Vietnamese Communist Party, and Little Saigon, formed by those it forced into exile, have never seen eye to eye on any modern political figure or issue.

That is, until now. As the U.S. presidential election date draws near, both sides have suddenly found common ground and enthusiasm in one man: Sen. John McCain.

The 2008 National Asian American Survey recently found that among Asian groups, Vietnamese Americans are by far the most conservative: two out of three said they would vote for McCain.

The Los Angeles Times recently published an article exploring why, but its sub-headline seems to say it all: "Vietnamese voters -- many of whom were tortured in North Vietnamese prisons like McCain -- say they identify with the Arizona senator and believe he'll support their causes." And what are those causes? Religious freedom and a multi-party system for Vietnam, and ultimately the eradication of the Communist Party.

Mccain and VN prime ministerThe trouble is, those who believe that McCain is on their side shouldn't hold their breath. It is at best wishful thinking and at worst politically naive. McCain, despite his past of being jailed in a communist prison, has been palling around with the Hanoi regime since the early 1990s. With the help of fellow Vietnam vet Sen. John Kerry, he was instrumental in efforts to lift the U.S. embargo on Vietnam, then followed up with normalization with the country under Bill Clinton, and a push for more beneficial trade pacts under George W. Bush.

McCain Meets PM Pham Van Khai

mccainAs for democracy and freedom in Vietnam? In 2001 and 2004 the two Johns collaborated to block the Vietnam Human Rights Act in the Senate, though in 2004 it passed 410-to-1 in the House. The bill, had it become law, would have tied U.S. humanitarian aid to Vietnam's human rights record. For his efforts, John Kerry, who fought to defend South Vietnam from communism, became a hated man in Little Saigon, and they showed it in the 2004 election by voting overwhelmingly for Bush, who managed to avoid the Vietnam War by serving in the National Guard. Oddly enough, John McCain remained their hero.

But why do so many Vietnamese Americans consistently vote Republican? Party loyalty. President Gerald Ford, a Republican, at the end of the Vietnam War, championed Vietnamese refugees' causes and helped many settle in the United States. Vietnamese refugees to the United States subsequently found strength and inspiration in Ronald Reagan, who stood steadfast against communism during the Cold War and who made boat people into political symbols of the horror of communism. Many credited Reagan for bringing down the Iron Curtain. That party affiliation and loyalty remains strong even if the current Republican president didnt measure up to the old Gipper.

George W. Bush, in fact, went the other way. While Vietnamese Americans rallied to vote for him in 2004, he went on Fox TV on Sept. 27, 2004 and maligned South Vietnam while trying to beef up support for the war in Iraq. In an interview with Bill O'Reilly, he agreed with his host's premise that the South Vietnamese didn't fight for their freedom and therefore didn't deserve it, whereas Iraqis, he said, were willing to do so.

[O'REILLY: The South Vietnamese didn't fight for their freedom, which is why they don't have it today.

BUSH: Yes.

O'REILLY: Do you think the Iraqis are going to fight for their freedom?

BUSH: Absolutely.
O'REILLY: You do?]

In effect, Bush and O'Reilly disparaged the United States' former allies, never mind that 250,000 South Vietnam soldiers died fighting in that war compared to 58,000 Americans. To add salt to the wound, Bush went to Hanoi two years later in 2006 for the APEC (Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation) Summit and promptly took Vietnam off the United States' "country of particular concern" list, even when dissidents there continued to be arrested, and afterwards human rights groups clamored for Vietnam to be put back on the list.

Bush at APEC Summit, Hanoi

Now, the majority of Vietnamese Americans are banking on John McCain. Will a McCain presidency force the issues of democracy and freedom of religion in Vietnam?

Judging from his past record, the answer is no. After all, thanks to McCain and Kerry's joint efforts, Vietnam has enjoyed unprecedented economic growth in the last eight years, and the communist regime has managed to legitimize its position on the world stage entrance to the World Trade Organization, a seat on UN Security Council.

embraceWhile his former jailers denied ever having tortured the old flyboy while he was a prisoner during the war, many admit fondness for McCain and consider him an adopted son. In a Newsweek article with this headline: "Why Vietnam Loves McCain -- They jailed him for five years. Now they want him in the White House," the retired prison director Tran Trong Duyet claimed McCain as a friend. Tran told Newsweek: "He had a very determined character, held strongly conservative ideas and was very loyal to the military and government of his country. If I were an American, I'd vote for McCain."

Vietnamese Americans, many of whom were imprisoned by the likes of Tran and his comrades and fled his regime, feel exactly the same way, and will vote accordingly. If they still hate Tran, they certainly share his enthusiasm for McCain. Politics make the strangest bedfellows, but in a world of permanent interests, persistent loyalty for the South Vietnamese has never paid off, neither on the battlefield over three decades ago, nor now on the political stage.

Senator McCain and his Vietnamese rescuer Mai Van On in Hanoi in 1996

Related Articles:

Andrew Lam's reading from Perfume Dreams

McCain's Stuck Narrative

How McCain Became MacBeth

Obamamania Conquers the World

New Year, Old Unresolved Passion: Vietnam and its Diaspora

Andrew Lam's My Journey Home Documentary

Others stories by Andrew Lam

Another version of this essay appeared in the San Jose Mercury News

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User Comments

Thinh/Nguyen on Oct 30, 2008 at 18:48:45 said:

To be an American may not be a dream but to live in exile is dreadful. Many of the recently arrived or older Vietnamese Americans are still voting for their future in the US based on feeling about the past in Vietnam. Voting for McCain because he was a prisoner in Hanoi is idiotic. They also voted for anti-communist Bush who could not win a single war in 8 years. These actions will not help the Vietnamese-American communities nor the USA. Fortunately, the younger and better educated Vietnamese Americans are heavy leaning toward Obama and the Democrats. Our future looks very good still.

d n on Oct 30, 2008 at 13:02:14 said:

I know many Vietnamese who are voting Obama. The Vietnamese American community is diverse in its social and political outlook; it is also chaning. A new generation is coming into more prominent position, expressing itself loudly compared to earlier generations who a.view things from a cold war perspective, and b.are less prone to speak out against what is believed to be the dominant \"community view.\" In some ways, one could argue that as they become more integrated into American life, their political views change.

Tony L on Oct 30, 2008 at 12:55:32 said:

The big differences between mccain and little saigon anti communist voters is that McCain overcame his anger and rage toward his old enemies - Litlle Saigon is defined by its hared of communism. If they vote for McCain maybe they will learn from the old warrior to reconcile and get over that old war/wound.

Sonshi on Oct 30, 2008 at 11:59:01 said:

Let's not forget the elephant in the room: some Vietnamese are prejudiced against black people. I personally witnessed an old Vietnamese man say that Obama was "ugly." Meaning he was physically ugly. Like that mattered. Given that I know how much he earns, he'd be better off financially under Obama than McCain. In the end, the Vietnamese vote like how many Americans vote: with their emotions instead of their logic.

A founder of Sonshi.com

TL on Oct 29, 2008 at 18:23:38 said:

Fine article.

I have a couple more ponderable observations.

Most of the world, and most of the young inside Vietnam, is looking to Obama's win. It gives them hope & belief in America again.

Many Vietnamese, here and inside Vietnam, who are older (including older clan members of ours)--harbor innate doubts about the abilities and integrity of "blacks".

Inside Orange County here, the Republican Party is dominant...it is what Ralph Nader says is part of the 90 percent US' gerrymandered one-party system. I speculate the push for McCain by Viet-Am loyalists like Tran Thai Van, etc., is to gain upper hand queuing up for party credits...nothing to lose even if their national standard bearer loses. It is dog eat dog politics here, to the detriment of moving on real issues that bear on the lives of people who live here.

Very surreal indeed...things should become clearer November...but God keep us all safe.




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