My Space, the Final, Dwindling Frontier

New America Media, Commentary, Andrew Lam Posted: Jan 30, 2007

Editor’s Note: By 2050 there will be 9 billion people in the world. As they jostle each other for room, the notion of "my space" is increasingly difficult to grasp writes New America Media editor Andrew Lam.

SAN FRANCISCO – In my apartment building people of various income levels are stacked on top of each other. The architect and the teacher occupy one-bedroom apartments on the floor above me. They are considered middle class and, for that matter, so am I. An affluent, well-traveled couple lives in a two-bedroom apartment on the top floor. A poor Chinese immigrant family of five is crammed into the converted storage room where half a dozen bicycles were once kept, their children often turning the foyer into a makeshift playground strewn with plastic toys.

This is typical of the way we live in urban areas around the world: people of various classes live right next to, if not on top of, one another. We share the same address, practically, but occupy a very different sense of space. And just like those in the middle of my building, the middle class everywhere is feeling the pinch.

JapanFor the first time in human history there are more people living in urban areas than rural, and cities have grown like amoeba into megacities – so crowded that they have become virtual countries with complex ecosystems unto themselves. Tokyo leads the pack with 31 million residents. Seoul has 23 million, followed by New York and Bombay.

Living space, unless one belongs to that tiny percentage called the upper class, is shrinking as the human population continues to grow. While the rural poor leave open sky and rolling plains to flock to the edge of the metropolis – they crowd into ramshackle slums in the third world, or one-room units in the first – the middle class is clinging to its precious status by contending with far smaller living spaces than those of previous generations.

I remember when a middle-class family could own a Victorian home in San Francisco. Now such a home would be divided into three or four units, each remodeled and sold to an upper middle-class couple.

Case in point: I went with some friends to look at a two-bedroom house the other day. It’s a bungalow that was once the home of a working-class family in the 50s. Now, with sky-rocketing prices and a prime location, it’s out of reach for my friend, who is a single lawyer. The little house was going for a little over $1.3 million dollars. “My American dream,” she said with a sigh, “has just been seriously downsized.”

Of course, the further you go from the city, the more space you can afford. But there’s a catch: if you want more space you’ll likely have to exchange it for your time. The price tag for a front yard and back garden can be a four-hour commute every day.slum

Shrinking along with the American dream of home ownership is the size of the family. Fewer adults are having children. Once a rural necessity, having children in an urban setting is no longer as vital. In megacities like New York, Tokyo, Paris and Hong Kong, the birth rate is on a steep decline. After all, having a child could mean sliding from the middle class to the standard living of the poor, with a crib in the walk-in closet, a garden on the fire escape. Hong Kong, which has the highest human density in the world, also has one of the lowest birth rates: 0.93 per couple. A room of one’s own may be all the space one has, if one is lucky.

Today a condo is what most in the middle class can hope for in places like San Francisco or New York. I suspect that in another generation or two, middle-class homes in American cities will look like those of Tokyo today – which is to say, the size of a train compartment.

crowdThat Japanese minimalism has become the dominant style in the modern world is no fluke. Bigger was once said to be better, but what’s chic and ultramodern today – what fits – is smaller and streamlined. The laptop takes no space at all, the iPod is the size of a credit card, the stereo system that once occupied a generous portion of a living room is now so flat and ridiculously thin that you can hardly see it behind the rhododendrons, and the TV that once took too much space on top of the sideboard now hangs on the wall like a mirror. “I used to dream of a house with a nice backyard,” a friend of mine quipped, “but now I am just happy with a flat and a flat-screen TV.” It’s no surprise that Ikea, the global furniture store that takes maximization of living space seriously, is doing so splendidly.

Last night, two homeless men had a row near my apartment building. There’s a little space between two columns in front of a boarded-up store that’s protected from the wind, a much-coveted place to sleep. The man who regularly made a bed there found someone else in his digs. “This is my space!” he screamed at the crasher, and several well-dressed young people who walked by snickered.

To young people, “MySpace” as a phrase has a totally different connotation, evoking the virtual neighborhood where real estate is still plentiful and cheap. In 2050, nervous demographers tell us, there will be 9 billion humans on the planet. It is probably why so many of us now, feeling the onset of collective claustrophobia, spend an inordinate amount of our time logging in.

Lam is the author of "Perfume Dreams: Reflections on the Vietnamese Diaspora" which won the Pen American "Beyond the Margins" Award in 2006.

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T. Ngo on Mar 27, 2007 at 23:03:01 said:

This article states something that most younger adults don\\\'t realize yet: we\\\'re running out of room! Ideas about raising a family and what it means to be together verses getting married and having kids is something that is evolving into new station now a days. We\\\'re all running our of room to do so because of space and cost of living. Your article is very well put. Good going!


Shaunt' Hayes on Jan 31, 2007 at 05:31:55 said:

I love this article it breaks down how the diffrent classes operate when in reality we are all looking for the same thing. some work harder than others some get farther than others we are all the same people we are all living to obtain the same thing in life


malcolm marshall on Jan 30, 2007 at 18:29:51 said:

amazing!

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